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400V Supplies for Major Tunneling Project

Since the start of 2021 the Blakley team has been busy designing and manufacturing bespoke distribution equipment for a series of sites on one of the UK’s major tunnelling projects. The equipment is to supply power
for site offices and welfare facilites above ground and to provide 400V for large access shafts and tunnel services.

Each set-up comprises of a 2500A CT chamber with RCD housed in a large GRP site intake cabinet (image on pdf page 2). The CT Chamber / RCD is supplied from a dedicated 1500kVA transformer and feeds a 2500A Mains Distribution Assembly (MDA) with Form 4 segregation.  The Form 4 MDA is fitted with 3 no. 800A outgoing MCCB/RCDs, which can be connected or disconnected without the need to isolate the overall panel, thanks to the segregated construction. A fourth compartment is supplied unequipped, which can be populated with an MCCB/RCD rated up to 800A. Each outgoing way incorporates a multi-function meter, to record kWHr and display volts, amps, etc. Two of the 800A outgoing ways supply our standard site MDAs above ground and the third feeds a dedicated Tunnel MDA, which will supply the shaft and, in due course, sub-MDAs supplying tunnel services.

The Tunnel MDA is rated at 800A and has a mains and a generator incomer, which are mechanically interlocked to prevent simultaneous closure. The mains incomer is provided with surge protection and both incomers incorporate test sockets enabling a range of tests to be carried out without the need to remove any shield plates. 

The tunnel MDA is fitted with a series of outgoing MCCBs each with variable RCD, in ratings from 100A to 400A. The MCCBs incorporate electronic trips enabling on-site adjustment down to 40% of their nominal rating. A set of test sockets is provided for each outgoing way, enabling the RCDs to be tested with a test instrument but without the need to remove shield plates. 

The tunnel MDA also incorporates a 400A MCCB to feed a 200kVAr power factor correction assembly fitted with detuned capacitors (image on pdf page 2). The PFC supply MCCB is interlocked so that it can only be closed when the mains supply is connected i.e. it cannot operate when the Tunnel MDA is fed from a generator.

Smaller tunnel MDAs, rated at 160A and 250A, are also included in the package. These incorporate MCB and CBR distribution. Incoming and outgoing test sockets are also incorporated.

If you would like to discuss a scheme for a site installation, large or small, please contact the Blakley team.

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